Understanding Computer Crime Forensic Investigation.

What is computer forensics investigation?

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Cellular and computer forensics investigations are the collection and analysis of digital data by trained forensic investigators in order to solve a crime or resolve an issue.

COMPUTER AND CYBER CRIMES

In general, computer crimes are basically described as criminal activities in which computers are used as tools or are targets of criminal attacks. Cyber-crimes are also defined as crimes directed against a computer, where the computer itself holds the evidences, or where the computer is used to commit the offense.

The views and opinions on the severity of various forms of computer crime may vary from one individual to another”. This indicates that some people might neglect or ignore actions that others label as computer crimes. The study was basically a comparison between opinions of the society of the Kingdom of Bahrain and another study conducted in Great Britain.

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Types of Cyber Crime Investigators

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Depending on your particular investigation needs, you may look for help from one of a variety of investigators:

Computer forensics investigator: If you require evidence of activity on your computer, a computer forensics investigator can legally and accurately recover digital data. They also have the ability to resurface hidden or deleted data and emails.

Cell Phones forensics investigator: A cellular forensic investigator will understand the different types of phones and will use this information to recover data, text messages, photographs, GPS, and other information.

Computer security investigator: If your computer has been attacked by a criminal or compromised by an employee or family member, a computer security investigator can uncover the source of the attack and exactly what has been done to your computer. Through this investigation, you can discover whether your computer was used to perpetuate a crime and find out how to prevent future attacks.

Computer crime investigator: A computer crime investigator can make sure that, if your system is used in a crime, the blame doesn’t fall on you. They can find out exactly what kind of crime was committed and can gather evidence to be used in court.

Investigative Tools and Electronic Crime
Scene Investigation
Forensic computer investigators have a number of software tools and utilities
available for their use in analyzing a suspect’s computer. A list of some of the
tools available are as follows:
• Safeback
• Maresware
• DIBs Mycroft, version 3
• Snap Back Dot Arrest
• Encase
• Ontrack
• Capture It
• DIBS Analyzer
• Data Lifter
• Smart
• Forensic X
Each agency will equip their forensic computer investigators with hardware tools appropriate to disassemble a computer system and remove necessary components. In many cases the tool kit will also include necessary
materials for packaging, transporting, storing, and evidencing materials.
Depending on the workload and caseload of each agency, the use of software
and tool kits will vary depending on the agency’s needs and policies.

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How to Protect Yourself from Cyber Crime

  • Don’t click on unfamiliar links (antiviral messages, strange emails, etc.)
  • Don’t download unfamiliar software
  • Never give out personal information unless it’s a trusted source
  • Install a firewall
  • Perform software updates
  • Change and vary your passwords
  • Avoid public, open wi-fi
  • Keep important information off the cloud
  • Backup your data

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