MySQL is an open source relational database management system (RDBMS) with a client-server model. RDBMS is a software or service used to create and manage databases based on a relational model. Now, let’s take a closer look at each term:

MySQL is also an Oracle-backed open source relational database management system based on Structured Query Language (SQL). MySQL runs on virtually all platforms, including Linux, unix and Windows. Although it can be used in a wide range of applications, MySQL is most often associated with web applications and online publishing.

MySQL is an important component of an open source enterprise stack called LAMP,. LAMP is a web development platform that uses Linux as the operating system, Apache as the web server, MySQL as the relational database management system and PHP as the object-oriented scripting language. (Sometimes Perl or Python is used instead of PHP.)

Originally conceived by the Swedish company MySQL AB, MySQL was acquired by Sun Microsystems in 2008 and then by Oracle when it bought Sun in 2010. Developers can use MySQL under the GNU General Public License (GPL), but enterprises must obtain a commercial license from Oracle.

Today, MySQL is the RDBMS behind many of the top websites in the world and countless corporate and consumer-facing web-based applications, including Facebook, Twitter and YouTube.


How Does MySQL Work? … MySQL creates a database for storing and manipulating data, defining the relationship of each table. Clients can make requests by typing specific SQL statements on MySQL. The server application will respond with the requested information and it will appear on the clients’ side.

Features And Benefits Of Mysql

MySQL is a relational database management system (RDBMS) based on the SQL (Structured Query Language) queries. It is one of the most popular languages for accessing and managing the records in the table. MySQL is open-source and free software under the GNU license. Oracle Company supports it.

The following are the most important features of MySQL:

Easy to use

MySQL is easy to use. We have to get only the basic knowledge of SQL. We can build and interact with MySQL by using only a few simple SQL statements.

It is secure

MySQL consists of a solid data security layer that protects sensitive data from intruders. Also, passwords are encrypted in MySQL.

Client/ Server Architecture

MySQL follows the working of a client/server architecture. There is a database server (MySQL) and arbitrarily many clients (application programs), which communicate with the server; that is, they can query data, save changes, etc.

Free to download

MySQL is free to use so that we can download it from MySQL official website without any cost.

It is scalable

MySQL supports multi-threading that makes it easily scalable. It can handle almost any amount of data, up to as much as 50 million rows or more. The default file size limit is about 4 GB. However, we can increase this number to a theoretical limit of 8 TB of data.


MySQL is considered one of the very fast database languages, backed by a large number of the benchmark test.

High Flexibility

MySQL supports a large number of embedded applications, which makes MySQL very flexible.

Compatible on many operating systems

MySQL is compatible to run on many operating systems, like Novell NetWare, Windows* Linux*, many varieties of UNIX* (such as Sun* Solaris*, AIX, and DEC* UNIX), OS/2, FreeBSD*, and others. MySQL also provides a facility that the clients can run on the same computer as the server or on another computer (communication via a local network or the Internet).

Allows roll-back

MySQL allows transactions to be rolled back, commit, and crash recovery.

Memory efficiency

Its efficiency is high because it has a very low memory leakage problem.

High Performance

MySQL is faster, more reliable, and cheaper because of its unique storage engine architecture. It provides very high-performance results in comparison to other databases without losing an essential functionality of the software. It has fast loading utilities because of the different cache memory.

High Productivity

MySQL uses Triggers, Stored procedures, and views that allow the developer to give higher productivity.

Platform Independent

It can download, install, and execute on most of the available operating systems.


This feature improves the performance and provides fast management of the large database.

GUI Support

MySQL provides a unified visual database graphical user interface tool named “MySQL Workbench” to work with database architects, developers, and Database Administrators. Msql workbench provides SQL development, data modeling, data migration, and comprehensive administration tools for server configuration, user administration, backup, and many more. MySQL has a fully GUI supports from MySQL Server version 5.6 and higher.

Dual Password Support

MySQL version 8.0 provides support for dual passwords: one is the current password, and another is a secondary password, which allows us to transition to the new password.

Disadvantages/shortfalls of MySQL

Following are the few disadvantages of MySQL:

  • MySQL version less than 5.0 doesn’t support ROLE, COMMIT, and stored procedure.
  • MySQL does not support a very large database size as efficiently.
  • MySQL doesn’t handle transactions very efficiently, and it is prone to data corruption.
  • MySQL is accused that it doesn’t have a good developing and debugging tool compared to paid databases.
  • MySQL doesn’t support SQL check constraints

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