WHAT IS A FILE?
A computer file is a computer resource for recording data in a computer storage device. Just as words can be written to paper, so can data be written to a computer file. Files can be edited and transferred through the Internet on that particular computer system.
Computer files are the most basic unit of data that users can store on a disk. Every program, image, video, song and document is stored as a file. … Definition of Record A record is a collection of related data items or fields.
FILES AND FOLDERS DIFFERENCE
A file is the common storage unit in a computer, and all programs and data are “written” into a file and “read” from a file. A folder holds one or more files, and a folder can be empty until it is filled. … Files are always stored in folders.
Audio file formats by file extensions
There are several audio file formats, standards, and file extensions used today. Below is a list of the most common audio file extensions.
- .aif – AIF audio file
- .cda – CD audio track file
- .mid or .midi – MIDI audio file.
- .mp3 – MP3 audio file
- .mpa – MPEG-2 audio file
- .ogg – Ogg Vorbis audio file
- .wav – WAV file
- .wma – WMA audio file
- .wpl – Windows Media Player playlist
Compressed file extensions
Most computer users are familiar with the .zip compressed files, but there are other types of compressed files. Below is a list of the most common compressed file extensions.
- .7z – 7-Zip compressed file
- .arj – ARJ compressed file
- .deb – Debian software package file
- .pkg – Package file
- .rar – RAR file
- .rpm – Red Hat Package Manager
- .tar.gz – Tarball compressed file
- .z – Z compressed file
- .zip – Zip compressed file
Disc and media file extensions
- .bin – Binary disc image
- .dmg – macOS X disk image
- .iso – ISO disc image
- .toast – Toast disc image
- .vcd – Virtual CD
Data and database file extensions
A data file could be any file, but for this list, we’ve listed the most common data files that relate to data used for a database, errors, information, importing, and exporting.
- .csv – Comma separated value file
- .dat – Data file
- .db or .dbf – Database file
- .log – Log file
- .mdb – Microsoft Access database file
- .sav – Save file (e.g., game save file)
- .sql – SQL database file
- .tar – Linux / Unix tarball file archive
- .xml – XML file
WHAT IS AN EXECUTABLE FILE?
In computing, executable code, an executable file, or an executable program, sometimes simply referred to as an executable or binary, causes a computer “to perform indicated tasks according to encoded instructions”, as opposed to a data file that must be interpreted by a program to be meaningful.
An executable file is a type of computer file that runs a program when it is opened. This means it executes code or a series of instructions contained in the file. The two primary types of executable files are 1) compiled programs and 2) scripts.
On Windows systems, compiled programs have an .EXE file extension and are often referred to as “EXE files.” On Macintosh computers, compiled programs have an .APP extension, which is short for applications. Both types of executable files have been compiled from source code into binary machine code that is directly executable by the CPU.
What is the difference between a data file and an executable file?
A data file does not contain any instructions for opening it. Instead, data files require a specific program to interpret the information contained in them. … Executable files, on the other hand, do not require any other program to run, since they contain specific instructions for your machine to execute.
What are examples of executable file?
On an IBM compatible computer, common executable files are . BAT, . COM, . EXE, and .
How to run an executable file
- To execute a file in Microsoft Windows, double-click the file.
- To execute a file in other GUI operating systems, a single or double-click will execute the file.
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