Generic Programming

What do you mean by programming?

Programming is the process of creating a set of instructions that tell a computer how to perform a task. Programming can be done using a variety of computer programming languages, such as JavaScript, Python, and C++.

Computer programming is the process of designing and building an executable computer program to accomplish a specific computing result or to perform a specific task.

TYPES OF PROGRAMMING

Algorithms

The study of algorithms attempts to quantify the efficiency of algorithms, or pre-defined, step-by-step procedures, primarily used in computer science. This field of mathematics has applications to artificial intelligence and machine learning in addition to other areas of computer science. All great programmers use algorithms to accomplish their work. Algorithms don’t just worry about what works and what doesn’t. The key for any great programmer is to find what works best, and in the most efficient way possible. Because of this, developing great algorithms usually means a lot of trial and error. Even once a programmer finds an algorithm that works, then they still might want to see how they can improve things.

Needless to say, programming takes patients and a love for problem solving. With the increased focus on computers and technology, the world is certainly looking for algorithms to keep up with progress. Digital spaces grow, and that means better algorithms and programmers are going to be in high demand.

API Development

API Is a computer science term. The term relates to communication protocols, subroutine definitions, and tools for building software. The term provides all the building blocks needed by a programmer to develop a computer program. The phrase refers to the application of a database system, web-based system, computer hardware, operating system, or software library. Through API development, many popular computer software programs are possible. Everything from getting the program up and running to making it accessible from multiple places requires API development. If you use computers at work, then you likely use programs that went through rigorous API development.

Application Development

Application development is a developmental sequence of building a program or set of programs. From here, programmers execute any number of jobs that a software application can perform. The full range of tasks executed can include customer relations management software and sales reporting apps. The applications created to assist businesses automation processes in increasing productivity. In layman terms, application development is the process of building desktop application software. We’ve seen application development move to mobile devices as of late. Types of programming that go into mobile application development vary. Of course, each hardware utilizes a variety of specialized algorithms. In the end, it’s roughly the same process of development and rollout as a normal computer application.

Back-end Development

Back-end development entails a number of types of software development. The process refers to architecture of a system that is not related to creating code that can be used to build a user interface. Programmers utilize back-end development as a tool write code that cannot be viewed directly. The logic behind applications you use is the core principle through which back-end development operates.

C & C++ Programming

C & C++ are general purpose programming languages. The former is a high-level, structured and multipurpose programing language that resembles other notable programming languages like Pascal, PL/1, and FORTRAN. C cannot be referred to as a “Pure High-Level Language.” C++ is a general-purpose programming language with generic and object-oriented programming features that also allows for low-level memory manipulation.

Cloud Computing

At its basics, cloud computing is the delivery of servers, databases, storage services, analytics, networking, intelligence, and more computing services over the internet to provide flexible resources, faster innovation, and economies of scale. Cloud computing consists of three main models. These models include the hybrid cloud, public cloud, and private cloud. The term refers to a variety of services as well. Cloud computing can deliver applications and provide database storage. It also refers to computing power and other IT services through the Internet.

Embedded Systems Development

Embedded system development is the process of building a programmed operating system with a dedicated function within a broader electrical or mechanical system that serves a broader purpose, often with real-time computing challenges. It is integrated as part of the complete device and can include both mechanical and hardware parts.

Java

Java is a multipurpose general computer programming language that is class-based, object-oriented, specifically designed, and concurrent to have as little implementation dependency as possible. The language was created with the aim of allowing application developers to write codes and run it anywhere as long as the platform supports Java without needing recompilation. Java is owned by Oracle and was created in 1995.

JavaScript is an interpreted high-level programming language. Programmers characterize this language as versatile and wide-ranging in utility. JavaScript stands as a primary language of the internet and its technological structure. The others that make up much of the internet are CSS and HTML. JavaScript is an interpreted, JIT compiled, a lightweight programming language with one of the best functions when it comes to programming.

Mobile Development

Mobile development is the development process for mobile devices. These devices include phones, tablets, and handheld devices. Development creates enterprise digital assistants, personal digital assistants or mobile browsers. Many applications come pre-installed on phones from the manufacturer. These would include calculators or SMS systems. Users can also install their own applications. Mobile development is similar to Web development and has its roots in traditional software development.

WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE

A programming language is a formal language comprising a set of strings that produce various kinds of machine code output. Programming languages are one kind of computer language, and are used in computer programming to implement algorithms. Most programming languages consist of instructions for computers.

What are the 4 types of programming languages?

The different types of programming languages are discussed below.

  • Procedural Programming Language. …
  • Functional Programming Language. …
  • Object-oriented Programming Language. …
  • Scripting Programming Language. …
  • Logic Programming Language. …
  • C++ Language. …
  • Language. …
  • Pascal Language.

WHAT IS GENERIC PROGRAMMING?

Generic programming is a style of computer programming in which algorithms are written in terms of types to-be-specified-later that are then instantiated when needed for specific types provided as parametersGeneric programmingIn the simplest definition, generic programming is a style of computer programming in which algorithms are written in terms of to-be-specified-later types that are then instantiated when needed for specific types provided as parameters. This approach, pioneered by ML in 1973, permits writing common functions or types that differ only in the set of types on which they operate when used, thus reducing duplication. Such software entities are known as generics in Ada, Delphi, Eiffel, Java, C#, F#, and Visual Basic .NET; parametric polymorphism in ML, Scala and Haskell; templates in C++ and D; and parameterized types in the influential 1994 book Design Patterns. The authors of Design Patterns note that this technique, especially when combined with delegation, is very powerful but that “[dynamic], highly parameterized software is harder to understand than more static software.” The term generic programming was originally coined by David Musser and Alexander Stepanov in a more specific sense than the above, to describe a programming paradigm whereby fundamental requirements on types are abstracted from across concrete examples of algorithms and data structures and formalised as concepts, with generic functions implemented in terms of these concepts, typically using language genericity mechanisms as described above.

Advantages of Generic Programming

Nowadays, most programmers opt to use generic programming for their tasks. Generics give more meaningful type constraints between members, rather than other programming styles. Even though generic programming is quite difficult to grasp, it is still beneficial.

  • It Provides Stronger Type Checks At Compile Time

Generic programming uses stronger type checks than any other programming style. While working on it, it also shows errors if the codes are seen to violate type safety.

  • It Has A Faster Response Time For Fixing Errors

Runtime errors can be difficult to find at times. Generic programming deals with compile-time mistakes, which are easier and faster to solve. It maximizes the efficiency of the program.

  • It Maximizes Code Reuse And Performance

Generic programming allows programmers to create their interface, methods, classes, and delegates. It also prioritizes type safety.

5 advantages of using generic programming 3
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  • It Enables Encoders And Programmers To Provide Generic Solutions

Since it provides generics, it also allows programmers and encoders to implement generic solutions, making it easier and faster to solve issues or technical problems.

  • It Is Future-Proof.

Generics can be used for any style of programming, making it relevant for future data types. It also allows programmers to create a more well-defined user interface for programs.

DISADVANTAGES

There are four primary drawbacks to the use of templates: supported features, compiler support, poor error messages, and code bloat:

  1. Templates in C++ lack many features, which makes implementing them and using them in a straightforward way often impossible. Instead programmers have to rely on complicated tricks which leads to bloated, hard to understand and hard to maintain code. Current developments in the C++ standards exacerbate this problem by making heavy use of these tricks and building a lot of new features for templates on them or with them in mind.
  2. Many compilers historically have poor support for templates, thus the use of templates can make code somewhat less portable. Support may also be poor when a C++ compiler is being used with a linker that is not C++-aware, or when attempting to use templates across shared library boundaries. Most modern compilers however now have fairly robust and standard template support, and the new C++ standard, C++11, further addresses these issues.
  3. Almost all compilers produce confusing, long, or sometimes unhelpful error messages when errors are detected in code that uses templates. This can make templates difficult to develop.
  4. Finally, the use of templates requires the compiler to generate a separate instance of the templated class or function for every permutation of type parameters used with it. (This is necessary because types in C++ are not all the same size, and the sizes of data fields are important to how classes work). So, the indiscriminate use of templates can lead to code bloat, resulting in excessively large executables. However, judicious use of template specialization and derivation can dramatically reduce such code bloat in some cases:

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