WHAT IS A DOMAIN NAME?
A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority or control within the Internet. Domain names are used in various networking contexts and for application-specific naming and addressing purpose
TYPES OF DOMAINS
1. Top-Level Domains (TLDs)
Each website’s URL can be broken down into different parts. Top Level Domains TLDs, sometimes called domain name extensions, are the part that comes right after your primary domain name (for instance, the .com in www.dreamhost.com).
However, there are many other TLDs besides just .com. You can choose from dozens of options, such as .net, .blog, or .io (which was initially a country code but has since been co-opted for the tech community).
You’re probably used to seeing .com, .net, and a few other basic TLDs. As the internet expands, however, so does the need for unique domains. That’s why the ICANN started introducing new options to make it easier to find a domain for your site that isn’t taken.
This means that domains are no longer bound to Latin-based characters, too. For instance, some domains use Chinese characters, Arabic, and even Cyrillic. Other domains are niche-specific, such as .biz for business websites.
It’s also worth noting that some TLDs are restricted, as we’ll expand on in the following sections. For example, only government websites can use .gov. Most are open for anyone to use however, so you’re free to get as creative as you’d like.
2. Country Code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD)
As we alluded to earlier, there are actually multiple types of TLDs. For instance, Country Code Top-Level Domains (ccTLDs) are restricted to use in specific countries.
Consider Ireland, for example. Its ccTLD is .ie and is one of the safest to use. Other examples are the UK (.co.uk), Canada with .ca, and even the USA with .us. These can all be great options if the .com version of the domain you had set your heart on has already been taken.
However, keep in mind that if you’re aiming for an international audience, this kind of TLD can be a bit limiting. Many businesses actually use multiple TLDs for different regions, such as the BBC, which uses bbc.co.uk for its home audience and bbc.com for its international visitors.
3. Generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD)
Up next are Generic Top-Level Domains (gTLDs). In fact, you already know what these are, even if you’ve never heard the term. These are the old stalwart domains that we are all accustomed to seeing, such as .com, .edu, .info, .org, and .net.
Originally, these were contrasted with ccTLDs, since there weren’t that many TLD options available. Now, however, we have a fresh generation of TLDs to pick from (often called “new TLDs”).
We’ve gone over a few of these new domains, such as .blog and .io, but there are many, many more. For instance, if you run a yoga studio, you might opt for the new .yoga in place of .com. There are also options such as .tech, .space, .shop, and even .art.
Therefore, when choosing a domain, you’ll want to think about what will work best for your brand and your audience and pick something memorable. After all, you want people to remember your website, so they come back time and time again.
4. Second-Level Domain (SLD)
At this point, we’ve covered the TLD section of your site’s domain name. However, what about the rest of the URL? That’s where Second-Level Domains (SLDs) come into play.
Let’s look back at our URL as an example: www.dreamhost.com. As we’ve seen, .com is the TLD. The SLD is what immediately precedes it, which in this case is “dreamhost”.
The SLD is what people will associate with your website. That’s why it’s vital to take some time and coonsider your choice You’ll want to select something brandable, for instance, and gives visitors a taste of your site’s focus and style.
It’s usually best to start by settling on an SLD, and then start experimenting with different TLDs. You can also use our domain checker to see what’s currently available.
Just type in a domain name you’re interested in, and hit the Search button. You’ll be presented with multiple SLD and TLD options, so you can settle on the perfect domain name.
5. Third-Level Domain
We’ve now looked at two of the three main parts in any domain name. The last is appropriately known as the third-level domain (not to be confused with the top-level domain).
As we’ve discussed, within www.dreamhost.com the TLD is .com, and the SLD is dreamhost. That leaves us with the third-level domain, or the www section.
By default, your third-level domain will be www. That doesn’t always work for large companies who need more web pages, however. So you may sometimes see www1 or even www2 before the SLD in a domain name.
6. Premium Domain
Sometimes when you’re looking for a domain name, you’ll find that the one you want is already taken. That means it’s a premium domain — a domain that someone else owns.
The good news is that you won’t necessarily have to give up on that domain. Often, people will buy domain names and not use them. They may even be willing to sell a domain they are using, for the right price.
This is referred to as domain reselling, or buying a domain that someone else privately owns. In general, this involves paying a little more for it than a domain that isn’t premium. In some cases, however, very popular domains can go for hundreds or thousands of dollars.
Such domains may have been bought because they’re short, have a popular TLD (like .com), or the owners anticipated someone would want to buy them down the line.
What is the need of domain name to website?
Having your own domain name gives you control over your online identity and the content you post – and a domain of your own is a must-have for building confidence in your brand or business.
What is the function of domain name?
Domain names are used to identify one or more IP addresses. For example, the domain name microsoft.com represents about a dozen IP addresses. Domain names are used in URLs to identify particular Web pages. For example, in the URL http://www.refugeictsolution.com/, the domain name is refugeictsolution.com
What are the features of domain names?
- If we talk about Internet, domain names are like the real estate of the internet. …
- Secondly good domain names are easy to remember. …
- Good domain names are easy to spell. …
- Good domain names have a .com extension. …
- They are descriptive. …
- They are brandable. …
- • They do not contain hyphens or numbers.
What is a reserved domain name?
Reserved domain names are domain names that the central registry has held back from general registration. This means that they are not available to register.
The reason for this can vary. In some cases, certain domains may be held back due to potential “Name Collissions” Often, registries will decide to not release one and two character domain names. And sometimes registries will hold back certain domain names they consider valuable. For example, the .ME registry has held back certain premium domain names that you can only register by application.
Please note that sometimes registries decide to release previously reserved domain names. Generally when this is done, the reserved domain names are considered premium by the registry and sold at a higher price.
Is the domain you’re looking for taken or unavailable? Enter keywords into our domain suggestion tool and discover quality domains that are available for registration.
They are reserved in order to prevent any misuse or misleading of Internet users who might mistakenly think they were on an official site.
To register (secure transfer of) a reserved domain name, the accredited registrar needs to:
- Send an official request to the Office for Information Technologies and e-Government, which should consist of the contact details of the accredited registrar and the state or local government body wishing to register a reserved domain name (a sample request can be downloaded from www.uzzpro.gov.rs/procedure.html).
- Attach authorisation from the state body or local government body to register the domain name on its behalf.
UZZPRO, after verification of the information in the request, approves the domain transfer via the registration system, after which the accredited registrar can register the requested domain name on behalf of the registrant.
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