Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet developed by Microsoft for Windows, macOS, Android and iOS. It features calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications

Microsoft Excel is a helpful and powerful program for data analysis and documentation. It is a spreadsheet program, which contains a number of columns and rows, where each intersection of a column and a row is a “cell.” Each cell contains one point of data or one piece of information. By organizing the information in this way, you can make information easier to find, and automatically draw information from changing data.

**FUNCTIONS OF MS EXCEL**

Function name | Type and description |
---|---|

ABS function | Math and trigonometry: Returns the absolute value of a number |

ACCRINT function | Financial: Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest |

ACCRINTM function | Financial: Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity |

ACOS function | Math and trigonometry: Returns the arccosine of a number |

ACOSH function | Math and trigonometry: Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number |

ACOT function | Math and trigonometry: Returns the arccotangent of a number |

ACOTH function | Math and trigonometry: Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number |

AGGREGATE function | Math and trigonometry: Returns an aggregate in a list or database |

ADDRESS function | Lookup and reference: Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet |

AMORDEGRC function | Financial: Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient |

AMORLINC function | Financial: Returns the depreciation for each accounting period |

AND function | Logical: Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE |

ARABIC function | Math and trigonometry: Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number |

AREAS function | Lookup and reference: Returns the number of areas in a reference |

ARRAYTOTEXT function | Text: Returns an array of text values from any specified range |

ASC function | Text: Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters |

ASIN function | Math and trigonometry: Returns the arcsine of a number |

ASINH function | Math and trigonometry: Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number |

ATAN function | Math and trigonometry: Returns the arctangent of a number |

ATAN2 function | Math and trigonometry: Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates |

ATANH function | Math and trigonometry: Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number |

AVEDEV function | Statistical: Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean |

AVERAGE function | Statistical: Returns the average of its arguments |

AVERAGEA function | Statistical: Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

AVERAGEIF function | Statistical: Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria |

AVERAGEIFS function | Statistical: Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria. |

BAHTTEXT function | Text: Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format |

BASE function | Math and trigonometry: Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base) |

BESSELI function | Engineering: Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) |

BESSELJ function | Engineering: Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) |

BESSELK function | Engineering: Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) |

BESSELY function | Engineering: Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) |

BETADIST function | Compatibility: Returns the beta cumulative distribution functionIn Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. |

BETA.DIST function | Statistical: Returns the beta cumulative distribution function |

BETAINV function | Compatibility: Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distributionIn Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. |

BETA.INV function | Statistical: Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution |

BIN2DEC function | Engineering: Converts a binary number to decimal |

BIN2HEX function | Engineering: Converts a binary number to hexadecimal |

BIN2OCT function | Engineering: Converts a binary number to octal |

BINOMDIST function | Compatibility: Returns the individual term binomial distribution probabilityIn Excel 2007, this is a Statistical function. |

BINOM.DIST function | Statistical: Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability |

BINOM.DIST.RANGE function | Statistical: Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution |

BINOM.INV function | Statistical: Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value |

BITAND function | Engineering: Returns a ‘Bitwise And’ of two numbers |

**FEATURES OF MS EXCEL**

**Features of Microsoft Excel**

- Add Header and Footer. MS Excel allows us to keep the header and footer in our spreadsheet document.
- Find and Replace Command. …
- Password Protection. …
- Data Filtering. …
- Data Sorting. …
- Built-in formulae. …
- Create different charts (Pivot Table Report) …
- Automatically edits the result.

**HOW TO CREATE MARKSHEET IN MS EXCEL**

1) Start “MS Excel” program

2) Fill your data by these information “SNO”, “Name”, “F/Name”, “English”, “Chemistry”, “Mathematics”, “Physics”, “Biology”, “Drawing”, “History”, “Total Marks”, “Marks Obtained”, “Minimum no”, “Maximum no”, “Average”, and “Grade”. Bold your text and then fill it by your own information as given below.

3) Use this function in first cell of “Marks Obtained” which is given above. =sum(F5:L5) As you will type this function “=sum(F5:L5)”. After type it press “Enter”. As you will press “Enter” our value will directly define as given below.

4) “=sum(F5:L5)” In this function the first is =. = we use it at the beginning of every function and number second is “Sum”. Sum function is use for adding of value and the last think of this function is (F5:L5) is the area of values that we want to add. (F5:L5) means (F5 cell to L5).

5) Now follow these steps which are given below.

6) The next column is about “Minimum no”. In this column we will find the minimum no of paper that what the minimum mark is. To find the minimum no of paper type this function at first cell of “Minimum no” column “=Min(F5:L5)” as given below.

7) Drag “Minimum no” column also like “Marks Obtained”.

8) Now we are going to work on “Maximum no” column that how to find the maximum no of paper. To fine the maximum no of paper we use the function “=max(F5:L5)” as given below.

After type of function press “Enter”. As you will press “Enter” the value will define. Drag it below.

9) Now is the turn of to find the “Average” of your marks. To find the average of mark type this function at the first cell of “Average” column =Average(F5:L5) as given below.

After type of function press “Enter” and drag it as given below.

10) The last think is to find the “Grade” of your marks. To find the Grade first of all click on the first cell as given above and then type in “Formula bar” as given below.

After click on “Formula bar” type the below function

=IF(N5>=550,”Grade A”,IF(N5>=450,”Grade B”,IF(N5>=400,”Grade C”,IF(N5>=350,”Grade D”,”Failed”))))

Press “Enter” and drag it as given before.

11) Select your Result sheet and click on “Outside broders” and then select a color of background and then click on it

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