WHAT IS PYTHON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
Python is an interpreted, object-oriented, high-level programming language with dynamic semantics. Its high-level built in data structures, combined with dynamic typing and dynamic binding, make it very attractive for Rapid Application Development, as well as for use as a scripting or glue language to connect existing components together. Python’s simple, easy to learn syntax emphasizes readability and therefore reduces the cost of program maintenance. Python supports modules and packages, which encourages program modularity and code reuse. The Python interpreter and the extensive standard library are available in source or binary form without charge for all major platforms, and can be freely distributed.
Often, programmers fall in love with Python because of the increased productivity it provides. Since there is no compilation step, the edit-test-debug cycle is incredibly fast. Debugging Python programs is easy: a bug or bad input will never cause a segmentation fault. Instead, when the interpreter discovers an error, it raises an exception. When the program doesn’t catch the exception, the interpreter prints a stack trace. A source level debugger allows inspection of local and global variables, evaluation of arbitrary expressions, setting breakpoints, stepping through the code a line at a time, and so on. The debugger is written in Python itself, testifying to Python’s introspective power. On the other hand, often the quickest way to debug a program is to add a few print statements to the source: the fast edit-test-debug cycle makes this simple approach very effective.
FEATURES OF PYTHON PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
Python Features and Advantages
1. Easy to Code
Python is a very high-level programming language, yet it is effortless to learn. Anyone can learn to code in Python in just a few hours or a few days. Mastering Python and all its advanced concepts, packages and modules might take some more time. However, learning the basic Python syntax is very easy, as compared to other popular languages like C, C++, and Java.
Let us now look at the next feature of python.
2. Easy to Read
Python code looks like simple English words. There is no use of semicolons or brackets, and the indentations define the code block. You can tell what the code is supposed to do simply by looking at it.
We will now look into the next Python features.
3. Free and Open-Source
Python is developed under an OSI-approved open source license. Hence, it is completely free to use, even for commercial purposes. It doesn’t cost anything to download Python or to include it in your application. It can also be freely modified and re-distributed. Python can be downloaded from the official Python website.
Let us find out the next feature of python.
4. Robust Standard Library
Python has an extensive standard library available for anyone to use. This means that programmers don’t have to write their code for every single thing unlike other programming languages. There are libraries for image manipulation, databases, unit-testing, expressions and a lot of other functionalities. In addition to the standard library, there is also a growing collection of thousands of components, which are all available in the Python Package Index.
We’ll now learn about the next feature of python.
When a programming language is interpreted, it means that the source code is executed line by line, and not all at once. Programming languages such as C++ or Java are not interpreted, and hence need to be compiled first to run them. There is no need to compile Python because it is processed at runtime by the interpreter.
Let us now look at the next feature of python.
Python is portable in the sense that the same code can be used on different machines. Suppose you write a Python code on a Mac. If you want to run it on Windows or Linux later, you don’t have to make any changes to it. As such, there is no need to write a program multiple times for several platforms.
Top 10 Websites to Learn Python Programming for FREE in 2022
Hello guys, if you want to learn Python in 2022 and looking for some Free Websites and free Python tutorials then you have come to the right place. Earlier, I have shared the best Python programming courses and Python projects which you can do to learn Python.
Today, I am going to share popular websites to learn Python coding for free and free Python coding tutorials from sites like Google, Microsoft, Udemy, Coursera, Educative, FreeCodeCamp, CodeCademy, Javarevisited, and much more.
But before that, if you are here then let me first congratulate you for making the right decision to learn Python programming language, the king of programming language.
Python has inspired many people to learn to code and it’s continually inspiring them. I know a handful of people who are learning Python for different reasons, starting from web development to machine learning.
Python is currently the world’s #1 programming language and its popularity is growing every passing day, thanks to Data Science and Machine learning and awesome Python libraries like Pandas, NumPy, and TensorFlow.
So, if you are also thinking to learn Python in 2022 or already started coding with Python but still looking for some free resources then you have come to the right place.
In the past, I have shared a lot of useful free Python resources like books and free courses. And today, I am going to share some of the websites, free tutorials, and portals where you can learn Python for free.
Learning from free resources is fantastic as you don’t need a credit card or no need to pay for the course. All you need is time and hunger to learn.
Though, it’s not easy as there are a lot of free Python resources available out there and it’s a difficult task to choose the right one. It’s like finding a needle in a haystack, and that’s where this article will help you.
Btw, if you don’t mind paying a few bucks for learning something as valuable and useful as Python, then I also suggest you check out Josh Portilla’s The Complete Python 3 Bootcamp on Udemy. You will learn Python quickly and in a more structured way, and you can buy this course for just $10 on Udemy’s sale.Python Bootcamps: Learn Python Programming and Code TrainingThis is the most comprehensive, yet straight-forward, course for the Python programming language on Udemy! Whether you…bit.ly
Top 10 Websites to Learn Python Programming for Beginners
Here you will find some of the best places to learn Python for free, I have handpicked these resources with a couple of Python experts.
I have purposefully chosen as few resources as possible but still with some options. Just in case if you have any other useful Python websites which teach Python development for free then feel free to suggest.
If you don’t know, Google also has an excellent set of Python tutorials for beginners, known as Google’s Python class. This is a free class for people with a little bit of programming experience and who want to learn Python. The course includes written tutorials, lecture videos, and lots of code exercises to practice Python coding.
The first exercises work on basic Python concepts like strings and lists, building up to the next exercises, which are full programs dealing with text files, processes, and http connections.
Google itself uses Python for a lot of its projects. And, these materials are generally used within Google to teach Python to people who have just started coding or have little programming experience.
The best part of this material is that lecture videos are available on Youtube. Hence you don’t need any other account. It also teaches you to set up your own Python development environment, which does produce initial challenge but great for the long run.Google’s Python Class | Python Education | Google DevelopersWelcome to Google’s Python Class — this is a free class for people with a little bit of programming experience who…developers.google.com
Udemy is one of the popular online course platforms, which probably has the biggest collection of free online courses on earth. I like Udemy because you can virtually find a course on anything you want to learn and that too for free.
Unlike CodeCademy, you don’t need any subscription, you just need to create a free account, and then you can enroll in free Python courses. Most of the instructors keep their course free when they first launch them so that they can get some traction, reviews, and social proofs.
But, there are also good quality Python courses that are entirely free like Introduction To Python Programming and Python for Beginners. You can join them to learn Python 3. Here are some of my favorite free classes to learn Python in depth.
Here is the link to sign up —Introduction To Python ProgrammingFree Python Tutorial – Introduction To Python ProgrammingAvinash Jain is currently a sophomore at UC Berkeley majoring in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. He’s the…bit.ly
The strong point of Udemy is that you get to learn from experts, but it’s not as interactive as Codecademy. Though, if you like to learn from videos, there is no better place than Udemy.
And if you can afford some money, you can also get awesome, bootcamp style courses like The Complete Python 3 Bootcamp at a throwaway price like $10 on their flash sales.Python Bootcamps: Learn Python Programming and Code TrainingThis is the most comprehensive, yet straight-forward, course for the Python programming language on Udemy! Whether you…bit.ly
If you like interactive learning, then there is no better place than CodeCademy. They first teach you theory in as few words as possible and then ask you to write code online using that concept. The best thing is you don’t need to do any setup like installing Python on your machine.
You can run Python code right from your browser. Another good thing is that you don’t need to write a complete program until you are ready. You need to make small changes and execute them. This is a great and fun way to learn Python programming.
Currently, their Learn Python 2 course is free, and Python 3 course is only available for paid members. If you can afford and appreciate CodeCademy, by all means, join Codecademy PRO, but if you can’t just start with their Python 2 course, it’s perfect for beginners having no coding experience.
Here is the link to learn more — Interactive Python 3 course
This is another website to learn Python coding for FREE in 2022. If you don’t know Educative is a text-based interactive platform that allows you to learn and code from your browser.
You can learn the concept and just code in the next line without worrying about downloading the necessary software and setting up your development environment. This is the biggest advantage for any beginner learning any programming language as most of them are stuck in this setup part.
If you want to learn Python in 2022 then this course is the perfect place to start. The course begins by exploring the basic building blocks before moving on to higher-level concepts such as functions and loops.
Fun quizzes and coding challenges will accompany you along the way to help enforce all the concepts covered in the course.
Here is the link to sign up — Learn Python from Scratch by Educative
By the end of the course, you’ll be familiar with the concept of data structures and functional programming in Python. This is a free course, so you can join it without paying anything, all you need is to create an Educative.io account to access this course.
Btw, if you like the platform then they also have some paid Python courses which are worth checking like Python 101: Interactively learn how to program with Python 3 by Michael Driscoll.Python 101: Interactively learn how to program with Python 3Welcome to Python 101! I created this course to help you learn Python 3. My objective is to get you acquainted with the…www.educative.io
If you want to learn from the world’s leading universities without paying a single cent then Coursera is the best website to go. It offers online courses taught at reputed universities like Stanford, INSEAD, NUS (National University of Singapore), and many more.
On top of that, it’s has one of the most popular free courses to learn Python — Programming for Everybody (Getting Started with Python).
This course will teach you Python 3 from ground zero. You don’t need any prior programming experience as you will learn in the course. More than 850,000 students have already enrolled in this course and learned how to program, now it’s your chance to benefit from it.
The course is also part of the Python for Everybody Specialization on Coursera, which contains 4 more classes to learn Python in-depth:
- Python Data Structure
- Using Python on Access Web Data
- Using Database with Python
- Capstone Project: Retrieving, Processing, and Visualizing Data with Python
All courses are free-to-audit, which means you can join them free and learn. But, you cannot participate in assignments and quizzes and won’t get any certification until you pay.
Here is the link to sign up — Python for Everybody on Coursera
If you want all those and accreditation, then you need to enroll in Specialization which is not free. If you can afford and appreciate the course, by all means, you should subscribe, it’s utterly worth your time and money.
You can also join Coursera Plus, a subscription plan from Coursera which gives you unlimited access to their most popular courses, specialization, professional certificate, and guided projects.Coursera Plus | Unlimited Access to 7,000+ Online CoursesInvest in your professional goals with Coursera Plus. Get Unlimited access to over 90% of courses, Projects…coursera.pxf.io
6. Microsoft [edX]
If Google has a Python class, then how come Microsoft can be left behind? Well, it also has a free Python course on Edx, another popular online portal for free education.
This course is called Introduction to Python: Absolute Beginner, which is a free course to learn Python, taught by Eric Camplin, Senior Content Developer.
This course will teach you Python in Jupyter Notebooks, an online browser-based coding editor for Python, which means you don’t need to install Python. It’s a 5-week course with 3 to 4 hours of study every week.
This course is also part of the Microsoft Professional Program in Entry-Level Software Development, which is also free. You only need to pay when you need a certification. Something which you can add to your resume or LinkedIn profile as shown below:
Here is the link to sign up — Microsoft’s Free Python Course
7. FreeCodeCamp [Youtube]
This is another awesome website to learn tech skills for FREE. They also have an amazing Youtube channel where you will find a lot of free online courses and this free Python course is one of them.
This course will give you a full introduction to all of the core concepts in python. Follow along with the videos and you’ll be a python programmer in no time! You can watch it on Youtube for free, here is a table of content
⭐️ Contents ⭐
⌨️ (0:00) Introduction
⌨️ (1:45) Installing Python & PyCharm
⌨️ (6:40) Setup & Hello World
⌨️ (10:23) Drawing a Shape
⌨️ (15:06) Variables & Data Types
⌨️ (27:03) Working With Strings
⌨️ (38:18) Working With Numbers
⌨️ (48:26) Getting Input From Users
⌨️ (52:37) Building a Basic Calculator
⌨️ (58:27) Mad Libs Game
⌨️ (1:03:10) Lists
⌨️ (1:10:44) List Functions
⌨️ (1:18:57) Tuples
⌨️ (1:24:15) Functions
⌨️ (1:34:11) Return Statement
⌨️ (1:40:06) If Statements
⌨️ (1:54:07) If Statements & Comparisons
⌨️ (2:00:37) Building a better Calculator
⌨️ (2:07:17) Dictionaries
⌨️ (2:14:13) While Loop
⌨️ (2:20:21) Building a Guessing Game
⌨️ (2:32:44) For Loops
⌨️ (2:41:20) Exponent Function
⌨️ (2:47:13) 2D Lists & Nested Loops
⌨️ (2:52:41) Building a Translator
⌨️ (3:00:18) Comments
⌨️ (3:04:17) Try / Except
⌨️ (3:12:41) Reading Files
⌨️ (3:21:26) Writing to Files
⌨️ (3:28:13) Modules & Pip
⌨️ (3:43:56) Classes & Objects
⌨️ (3:57:37) Building a Multiple Choice Quiz
⌨️ (4:08:28) Object Functions
⌨️ (4:12:37) Inheritance
⌨️ (4:20:43) Python Interpreter
Here is the Youtube video you can watch to learn Python in 4 hours:https://cdn.embedly.com/widgets/media.html?src=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fembed%2FrfscVS0vtbw%3Ffeature%3Doembed&display_name=YouTube&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DrfscVS0vtbw&image=https%3A%2F%2Fi.ytimg.com%2Fvi%2FrfscVS0vtbw%2Fhqdefault.jpg&key=a19fcc184b9711e1b4764040d3dc5c07&type=text%2Fhtml&schema=youtube
8. Lean Python in 1 hour (Javarevisited Youtube channel)
We also have a Python crash course on our Youtube channel which you can watch to learn Python in 1-hour. This is a very compact, practical, and hands-on guide to Python which anyone can follow.
It’s ideal for people with no programming experience, all you need is 1 hour to watch that video and try out things as instructed.
Here is the link to learn Python for 1 hour on Youtube.https://cdn.embedly.com/widgets/media.html?src=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fembed%2F7RDu6aoLQz4%3Ffeature%3Doembed&display_name=YouTube&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3D7RDu6aoLQz4&image=https%3A%2F%2Fi.ytimg.com%2Fvi%2F7RDu6aoLQz4%2Fhqdefault.jpg&key=a19fcc184b9711e1b4764040d3dc5c07&type=text%2Fhtml&schema=youtube
9. Python for Data Science and AI [Coursera]
This is another course that is focused on Data Science and Artificial Intelligence using Python. It’s an introductory course and will kickstart your learning of Python for data science, as well as programming in general.
This beginner-friendly Python course will take you from zero to programming in Python in a matter of hours. It’s offered by IBM Developer, one of the oldest and most reputed software companies around the World.
This course can be applied to multiple Specializations or Professional Certificates programs. Completing this course will count towards your learning in any of the following programs:
- IBM Data Science Professional Certificate
- IBM Applied AI Professional Certificate
- Applied Data Science Specialization
Here is the link to sign up — Python for Data Science and AI
10. Introduction to Scripting in Python [Free Coursera Course]
I first started learning Python for scripting and to automate a tedious task, Yes, I was reading that book. I wanted to choose between Perl and Python, and Python was a clear winner because of its popularity and opportunities.
If you’re going to learn Scripting in Python, then this is one of the best Coursera Specializations for Python programmers. You can get all the courses for free-to-audit as well. You only need to pay if you need a certificate and access to assessments and quizzes.
This Specialization is also intended for beginners who would like to master essential programming skills. It contains four courses that cover key programming concepts in Python 3 that will prepare you to use Python to perform everyday scripting tasks.
This scripting knowledge will also provide a solid foundation towards a career in data science, software engineering, or other disciplines involving programming, and you will also get a certificate to showcase on your resume.
Here is the link to learn more — Introduction to Scripting in Python On Coursera
And, if you find Coursera courses useful, which they are because they are created by reputed companies like Google, IBM, Amazon, and the best universities around the world, I suggest you join the Coursera Plus, a subscription plan from Coursera which gives you unlimited access to their most popular courses, specialization, professional certificate, and guided projects.