How To Install Windows Biometric Framework: Windows 10


Every individual has unique characteristics that can be used for identification. Typically these characteristics are physical and include traits such as fingerprints, but they can also include behavioral traits such as gait and typing rhythm. The term biometrics encompasses both meanings. Biometric information is increasingly replacing passwords to identify and verify users. It is more secure and often more convenient for both user and administrator.

Sensors are used to capture biometric information. The information is captured by the sensor as a biometric sample. A single sample contains data that represents a single biometric characteristic for one individual. Multiple samples are averaged to create a biometric template, and the template is securely stored. Later, a sample from an unknown user is compared to the stored templates to establish and verify user identity. The Windows Biometric service, part of the Windows Biometric Framework (WBF), provides the following functionality. You can use the Windows Biometric Framework API to leverage this functionality.

  • Captures biometric samples and uses them to create a template.
  • Securely saves and retrieves biometric templates.
  • Maps each template to a unique identifier such as a GUID or SID.

You can also use this API to extend the framework and create biometric sensor adapters, matching engines, and storage components. For more information about creating sensor adapters, matching engines, and storage components, see Creating Adapter Plug-ins.

Core platform components

Windows Biometric Driver Interface (WBDI)

WBDI is a programming interface that a biometric driver can use to expose the biometric device through the Windows Biometric Service (WBS). You can implement a WBDI driver by using any supported driver technology, including the following. We recommend, however, that you use UMDF when possible to improve driver quality and system stability.

  • User Mode Driver Framework (UMDF)
  • Kernel Mode Driver Framework (KMDF)
  • Windows Driver Model (WDM)

A WBDI biometric driver must also support the WBDI driver interface GUID and all mandatory I/O controls (IOCTLs). Driver developers should review the documentation and sample code in the Windows Driver Kit (WDK).

Windows Biometric Service (WBS)

The Windows Biometric Service manages installed biometric drivers and supports the Windows Biometric Framework API to provide device access to client applications. WBS performs the following functions:

  • It protects user confidentiality by separating client applications from biometric data.
  • It protects biometric data from unprivileged client applications by requiring that applications gain access to data by using unique identifiers.
  • It uses a software component called a Biometric Unit to expose the capabilities of a particular biometric device through a standardized interface.
  • It manages biometric units by grouping them into system, private, or unassigned Sensor Pools.
  • It supports the use of biometric unit Adapters for physical devices that lack onboard processing or storage capabilities.

Windows Biometric Framework API

The Windows Biometric Framework API enables you to create client applications that can interact with the Windows Biometric Service to perform the following actions:

  • Identify and verify users.
  • Locate biometric devices and query their capabilities.
  • Manage sessions and monitor events.

User Experience Components

Discovery Points

End users can locate biometric devices by any of the following means:

  • Typing the words biometrics, fingerprint, face, or other related phrases into the Start Search text box to start the biometric devices control panel. The results list for biometrics can contain items such as the following on a Windows 10 image.
    • Setup fingerprint sign-in
    • Setup face sign-in

Supported Scenarios

The following scenarios are supported:

  • Users can log on to a local computer, a workgroup, or to a domain by using a fingerprint reader, or IR camera focused on the face.
  • A user with administrative privileges can elevate applications through User Account Control (UAC) by using a fingerprint or face.

Management components

A biometric system can be managed using Group Policy or mobile device management (MDM).

Biometric System Management

You can manage biometric capabilities using Group Policy or MDM. Group Policy can further be used to perform the following actions:

  • Specify the timeout period for fast user switching, if implemented by the ISV.
  • Prevent biometric device installation.
  • Force the removal of drivers for biometric devices.
  • Disable the biometric service.

Windows Biometric Framework (WBF )Is A framework architecture in Windows that provides a consistent management interface and user experience for biometric devices. Windows Biometric Service. A privileged service that manages all biometric devices by using Windows Biometric Driver Interface (WBDI) compliant device drivers

Windows Hello
 is the biometric authentication feature that helps strengthen authentication and helps to guard against potential spoofing through fingerprint matching and facial recognition

The following terms are used throughout the Windows Biometric Framework API documentation.

Windows Biometric Framework (WBF)A framework architecture in Windows that provides a consistent management interface and user experience for biometric devices.
Windows Biometric ServiceA privileged service that manages all biometric devices by using Windows Biometric Driver Interface (WBDI) compliant device drivers.
Windows Biometric Driver InterfaceAn interface standard for drivers that manage fingerprint sensors.
Windows Biometric Service Provider (WBSP)A component of the Windows Biometric Service that manages a specific category of biometric technology such as a fingerprint reader. WBSPs are built into the Windows Biometric Service. They are not plug-ins and third party BSPs are not supported.
Biometric factorA personal characteristic that can be measured and used for identification. Examples include fingerprints and hand geometry.
Biometric sub-factorA qualifying characteristic that can be used to further define a biometric factor. For example, to completely identify a fingerprint (biometric factor) it’s necessary to specify which finger the print came from (biometric sub-factor).
Biometric sampleThe data that results from the measurement of a single characteristic from a single individual, for example the image of one fingerprint.
Biometric templateA statistical average generated by collecting multiple biometric samples of a single characteristic for a single individual. A template typically contains only the features that are necessary to determine whether a new sample matches.
Biometric unitA software object that represents a biometric device and can be used to capture and process biometric samples and create, save, and match biometric templates.
Sensor adapterA biometric unit plug-in component that provides a standard interface for configuring the sensor, capturing samples, and controlling the flow of biometric data to the engine adapter.
Engine adapterA biometric unit plug-in component that processes a sample by normalizing data, extracting features, and matching sample data to existing templates.
Storage adapterA biometric unit plug-in component that stores, manages, and retrieves templates.
Biometric information record (BIR)A data structure that contains raw or processed biometric information.
Sensor poolA collection of biometric units that share a common management policy.
Liveness testingA process that verifies that a biometric sample is not being spoofed or replayed from a sample that was previously collected.

How to install Windows Biometric Framework


Perform the following steps to install Windows Biometric Framework on a server running Windows Server Core.

     1. Type Start PowerShell in the Command Prompt window to start Windows PowerShell.

     2. Type Install-WindowsFeature Biometric-Framework and press Enter to install Windows Biometric Framework.

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Additional Information:

This information applies to Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2.

How do I install biometrics on Windows 10?


  1. Select the Start. button.
  2. Select Settings > Accounts.
  3. Click Sign-in options on the left. …
  4. Click Get started.
  5. Enter your PIN.
  6. Scan your finger on the fingerprint reader. …
  7. Click Add Another to repeat the process with another finger, or close the program.

Applications of Windows Biometric Framework

Some of the practical applications of WBF are listed below:

  • A biometric device item on the control panel – It allows users to manage device settings.
  • Device Manager – It allows users to troubleshoot biometric fingerprint devices and manage biometric device drivers.
  • Credential support – Allows to log on to a local computer or domain using biometric data and then elevate the privileges through User Account Control (UAC)

It also provides Group Policy Settings for enabling, disabling or limiting the biometric data usage for a local computer or domain.

What are the advantages of fingerprint technology?

Why is the Windows Biometric Framework important?

In order to use fingerprint recognition technology in devices having versions earlier than Windows 7, fingerprint device vendors were required to provide their own USB drivers, SDKs and applications. This resulted in a variety of proprietary solutions lacking a homogeneous user experience and a common management platform for all fingerprint biometric devices which complicated the process of applying fingerprint recognition products in Windows.

The solution to this was the Windows Biometric Framework introduced in Windows 7. This framework supports fingerprint recognition products through a new set of components and provides a common management platform for different fingerprint recognition products thus enhancing the quality, reliability and consistency of the customers’ user experience while using fingerprint recognition products.

Improved security – Provides a secure and comfortable access control solution that doesn’t expose your information to cybercriminals. Higher accuracy – As one of the most sophisticated biometric modalities, fingerprint scanners provide almost 100% of accuracy during authentication.

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