Installing Kali alongside a Windows installation can be quite useful. However, you need to exercise caution during the setup process.
In our example, we will be installing Kali Linux alongside an installation of Windows 10, which is currently taking up 100% of the disk space in our computer. We will start by resizing our current Windows partition to occupy less space and then proceed to install Kali Linux in the newly-created empty partition.
Download kali linux and either burn the ISO to DVD, or prepare a usb flash drive as the installation medium Minimum of 20 GB free disk space on Windows is required.
Preparing for the InstallationDownload kali linux
Burn The Kali Linux ISO to DVD or copy the software to usb .
Ensure that your computer is set to boot from CD / USB in your BIOS.
This installation has the potential to go wrong very easily as it involves editing existing partitions. Be aware of what partitions you are modifying and where you are installing Kali to. Having a backup of your Windows system available is a good idea in the event something goes wrong.
Dual Boot Installation ProcedureTo start your installation, boot with your chosen installation medium. You should be greeted with the Kali Boot screen. Select Live, and you should be booted into the Kali Linux default desktop.
Select your Windows partition. Depending on your system, it will usually be the second, larger partition. In our example, there are three partitions; the first is Window’s boot partition, then Windows is actually installed in /dev/sda2, and the final is the System Recovery partition. Resize your Windows partition and leave enough space (20 GB minimum) for the Kali installation. If you are moving past into any non-white in the partition then you are editing a section that is in use. Only remove from the area of the partition that is not in use. It is alright to leave the third partition, and only shrink the actual install.
Once you have resized your Windows partition, ensure you “Apply All Operations” on the hard disk..
Kali Linux Installation Procedure
Initial processes are all done. Downloaded Kali Linux ISO, created a bootable USB drive and created a separate partition for Kali Linux installation.
Before going on keep in mind always Disable Secure Boot and Fast Boot option in BIOS.
Now restart your PC/Laptop and go to boot manager and select the option boot as USB [Options will be different for different brands]. Now you will see the installation window of Kali Linux.
There are different options to install Kali Linux. Here you have to choose “Graphical Install” to start with ease.
1.Choose the language to be used for the installation process. And press “Continue”.
Choose your country and continue the installation process.
Next set type of keyboard layout. Here I choose “American English”.
Next step set IP configurations. You can configure your network automatically or manually.
Now the installation will ask for a Hostname. Set any name you want. It’s kinda like a username.
In this step, you have to enter a password for “root user “. After entering the administrative account password click “Continue”.
Next, choose the partitioning method as “Manual“.
Carefully do this step. Only choose the partition that we created earlier for Kali installation and press “Continue”.
Then select the option “Delete the partition” and hit “Continue”.
After the above step, now you can see that your Kali installation partition is now shown as “FREE SPACE“. Choose that free space partition and “Continue”.
Now, it will ask us how to use those free space. Select the option “Automatically partition the free space” and “Continue” the process.
Next, choose the option “All files in one partition” that is recommended for new users and press “Continue”.
Finally, select the option “Finish partitioning and write changes to disk“.
Here, it will ask permission to write changes in the disk. Choose “Yes” and “Continue”.
Now the Kali will start the installation process. Wait 10-15 minutes to complete the installation.
In the middle of the installation, it will ask for the network mirror, choose “Yes” or “No”. This setting is about an update option. So we recommended you to choose “No” now. You can later enable it.
Next, it will ask for installing GRUB boot loader, choose “Yes” and “Continue”.
Next, it will ask where to install Kali GRUB boot loader. Choose your hard disk, second option. Remember only choose your hard disk to install GRUB. Otherwise, after the installation of Kali Linux, your system will not display the option to choose the operating systems on startup.
After the successful completion of the installation process, now you can see a screen similar to the below screenshot. Choose “Continue”.
Now eject USB drive and restart your system.
During startup you can see the GRUB Loader of Kali Linux. Here you can choose “Kali GNU/Linux” to boot your PC/Laptop with the new Kali Linux or else choose “Windows Recovery Environment” to boot into Windows 10.
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