WHAT IS A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE?
A programming language is a vocabulary and set of grammatical rules for instructing a computer or computing device to perform specific tasks. The term programming language usually refers to high level languages, such as BASIC, C,C++, Cobol,Java Fortran Ada, and Pascal
Each programming language has a unique set of keywords (words that it understands) and a special syntax for organizing program instructions
A programming language is a computer language programmers use to develop software programs, scripts or other sets of instructions for computers to execute
A programming language is any set of rules that converts strings, or graphical program elements in the case of visual programming languages, to various kinds of machine code output. Programming languages are one kind of computer language, and are used in computer programming to implement algorithms
WHAT IS ETHICAL HACKING
Ethical hacking involves an authorized attempt to gain unauthorized access to a computer system, application, or data. Carrying out an ethical hack involves duplicating strategies and actions of malicious attackers. This practice helps to identify security vulnerabilities which can then be resolved before a malicious attacker has the opportunity to exploit them.
Who is an ethical hacker?
Also known as “white hats,” ETHICAL HACKERS are security experts that perform these security assessments. The proactive work they do helps to improve an organization’s security posture. With prior approval from the organization or owner of the IT asset, the mission of ethical hacking is opposite from malicious hacking.
What are the key concepts of ethical hacking?
Hacking experts follow four key protocol concepts:
- Stay legal. Obtain proper approval before accessing and performing a security assessment.
- Define the scope. Determine the scope of the assessment so that the ethical hacker’s work remains legal and within the organization’s approved boundaries.
- Report vulnerabilities. Notify the organization of all vulnerabilities discovered during the assessment. Provide remediation advice for resolving these vulnerabilities.
- Respect data sensitivity. Depending on the data sensitivity, ethical hackers may have to agree to a non-disclosure agreement, in addition to other terms and conditions required by the assessed organization.
How are ethical hackers different from malicious hackers?
Ethical hackers use their knowledge to secure and improve the technology of organizations. They provide an essential service to these organizations by looking for vulnerabilities that can lead to a security breach.
An ethical hacker reports the identified vulnerabilities to the organization. Additionally, they provide remediation advice. In many cases, with the organization’s consent, the ethical hacker performs a re-test to ensure the vulnerabilities are fully resolved.
Malicious hackers intend to gain unauthorized access to a resource (the more sensitive the better) for financial gain or personal recognition. Some malicious hackers deface websites or crash backend servers for fun, reputation damage, or to cause financial loss. The methods used and vulnerabilities found remain unreported. They aren’t concerned with improving the organizations security posture.
Python is one of the most popular and widely used programming languages in the tech industry. It is also a de-facto language for ethical hackers. Python is a dynamic programming language that is used by ethical hackers for scripting their on-demand hacking programs efficiently. Starting from testing the authenticity of corporate servers, detecting impending threats, to automating the hacking process, Python has emerged as a go-to language for ethical hackers.
Java is one of the most widely used programming languages that is widely used in IT tasks and professionals. It is a class-based, object-oriented programming language that is designed to have a low implementation dependency, hence, it is widely used by enterprises for ethical hacking purposes and tracking the risks of any future threats.
C programming language is considered to be a holy grail of modern programming languages that are extensively used for industrial purposes. The low-level nature of C provides an edge over other programming languages since it can be used for hack programming when it comes to low-level hardware components such as the RAM. The language also gives penetration testers the ability to write exponentially fast socket programming scripts. Besides, experienced security professionals also use C to simulate the library hijacking attack.
Perl is a scripting language that can be used to handle a wide range of functionalities. System administrators and network programmers use Perl for various purposes, but especially to perform network routing operations. The professionals can also augment existing scripts to send copies of information to different locations to spread the information of data theft attempts and such others.
Hypertext Processor or PHP is a dynamic programming language that is used widely in web and mobile applications. Most of the websites on the internet are based on CMSs like WordPress or Drupal. Integrating PHP on these websites can detect compromising networks. The skill of understanding and deploying this hacking programming language is essential for professionals wishing to develop server hacking programs.
C++ is undoubtedly one of the best programming languages for hacking corporate software. This language is capable of providing a low level of access necessary to analyze the machine code and neglect such bypass schemes. Industry professionals who wish to crack any industry software or even build an efficient hacking program for individual professional purposes should master the skills of C++ programming.
Ruby is a web-focused programming language and is among the top languages for hacking multi-purpose corporate systems. With the help of Ruby, professionals can easily automate programs and offer super flexibility for writing scripts for hack programming. Also, the language enables efficiency while writing functional codes and chain commands.
SQL is a vital and one of the most vital and favourite programming languages for ethical hacking professionals. SQL or Structured Query Language is used for querying and fetching information from databases. Without an in-depth understanding of SQL, professionals will be unable to counteract database attacks.
Bash is crucial for ethical hacking purposes because it is the default command shell for Unix and Linux distributions. Bash enables the security professionals to gain access to a system, navigate through the different directories and perform configurations to elevate the security privileges of the network.
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